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Economics Financial Markets

Types of Candlesticks

To begin with there are many types of candlesticks for analysing security prices. A candlestick is a useful tool for anyone analysing securities which are dependent on price, time and volume – PVT. Therefore, in modern day trading & security analysis studying candelstick patterns becomes extremely important. Almost all analysts use candlesticks because candlesticks are applicable on all asset classes. Candlesticks are asset independent. Therefore a candlestick chart can be drawn of any entity that is dependent on PVT.

What are the characteristics of the candlesticks?

Firstly, candlesticks are a japanese invention, read more about candlesticks used by japanese rice traders. A single candle has four attirbutes. They are open, high, low and close.

Body – The difference between open price and close price is the body of a candle.

Shadow – The difference between the high price and low price is known as the height of the candle. Heigh – Body = Shadow

Types of candlesticks pattern - A candles

Colors used in Candlesticks

Firstly, there are two different types of colors that are used to reperesent a candlestick. Secondly these two colors can be any color of your choice. Finally its green and red that wins the race in most cases. The green represent buying and red represent selling.

If you don’t know what are the 3 types of market trends then you can read here

Buying = Bull market = Uptrend = Green Candlestick = Open price > Close price.

Selling = Bear market = Down trend = Red Candle = Close price > Open Price

What are the types of candlesticks?

There are many types of candlesticks but for simplicity we will categorize them into 3 categories.

  1. Long candlesticks represents strong sentiments
  2. Medium sized candlesticks mild sentiments
  3. Small sized candlesticks state of indecision

Long Types of Candlesticks

To begin with, we have Marubozu as our first candidate. It represents strong buying action if the candle is green and strong selling action if the candle is red in color.

Morubazu is all muscle – full body and no fat – no shadow. In dept explanation of this candlestick is provided on Varsity by Zerodha in both hindi and english.

In short Morubazu represents extreme or strong sentiments in the market.

Types of Candlesticks - Marubozu

Medium Types of Candlesticks

Firstly, there are lots of medium sized candlesticks but they are of no use. Because these candlesticks do not represent any type of market trend. A candle with bigger body size but smaller than Marubozu will fall under the medium types of candlesticks. Their formation aid in the continuous propagation of trends. Medium size candlestick helps in forming continuous pattern.

Short Candlesticks

Short candlesticks are a traders delight! Firstly, short size candlesticks represent a state of indecision in the market. Secondly, they can be analyzed along with the trends in which they appear.

Short candles in Uptrend

  • Shooting star – A long tail and a short body
shooting star
shooting star
  • Hanging man – A last candle in an uptrend. Exactly opposite in shape of shooting star. In the downtrend hanging man is known as a hammer.
  • Hammer – The shape of the candle is like a hammer, the candle is smilar in shape to hanging man in every way. But hammers are formed in the downtrend and helps us in predicting trend reversal. In the uptrend hammers are known as hanging man
Hammer
Hammer
  • Doji – A very thin body and small shadow candlestick. Read more about Doji on IQ Option
Doji Candlestick Pattern
Doji

Types of Doji Candlesticks

Dojis are the indicator of indecision both in the uptrend and the downtrend. The image below uses the term wick which is nothing but the shadow.

Types of candlesticks pattern - Doji
Types of Dojis

Spinning Tops

  • Spinning tops – A coninuous chain of dojis or small body and small shadow candlestick. A chain of dojis and hammers in the up and down trend represent spinning tops.
  • Spinning tops are a form of dojis with a small visible thick body. The continuous formation of spinning top depicts a state of prolonged confusion.
Spinning Tops Candlestick pattern
Spinning Tops

Bearish Harami or The Inside Bar

  • Harami – The name Harami in Japanese language means “Pregnant women”. In this pattern a small candle of opposite color of the previous long candle is formed. Thereby indicating trend reversal in both uptrend as well as downtrend.
Harami Candlestick pattern
Harami Candlestick Pattern

Trend Reversal Candlesticks

As can be seen from the image below. Shooting star and Hanging man are formed at the top of the trend and are usually followed by selling.

Shooting Star Hanging Man and Hammer short type of candlestick
Trend Reversal Candlestick Patterns

Conclusion

In this article we have seen the following candlesticks

  • Marubozu
  • Hammer
  • Hanging man
  • Shooting star or Inverted Hammer
  • Doji
  • Spinnig tops
  • Medium sized candles as a buffer

Candlesticks aids in our decision making and market interpretation but these are not absolute in nature. Therefore we will also study other cues to refine our decisions.

Firstly, we have seen single candlesticks now its time to look at muliple candlestick patterns

By Kanishka Singh Rathore

  1. Engineer
  2. Financial Planner
  3. Editor

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