Evergrande Crisis – China’s 1st IL&FS Moment


Evergrande Crisis – This piece of news comes from China. Evergrande is an infrastructure company from China. The company is ranked 122 on the list of fortune 500 companies. Evergrande took a huge amount of debt by issuing onshore as well as offshore bonds to fund the infrastructure projects.

“China Evergrande Group is selling its stake in HengTen Network Group for¬†$273.5 million, as the cash-strapped developer struggles to avoid a debilitating default on its debts.¬†However, S&P Global Ratings said in a report on Thursday that a default is still “highly likely” for the world’s most indebted” – source VCCIRCLE

Alarming level of debt triggering Evergrande Crisis

The problem with Evergrande is its default on the payment of offshore bonds. Offshore bonds are nothing but the money raised by a local company by issuing a bond in a foreign country. This situation is becoming alarming for Foreign Institutional Investors (FII) who are invested in the company and the country.


The ability to make payment of interest is a crucial factor for Evergrande’s survival. If the company defaults consistently, then it would be a nightmare for domestic and institutional investors.

The total debt on Evergrande is $300 Bn. The debt is due to the rapid expansion of the company into 1300 infrastructure projects across 280 cities in China. Diversification into other lines of business that are not profitable is also a cause of concern.

Interest Due on Evergrande

The interest due on the bonds is close to $47.5 Mn. The bonds are due for maturity in 2024 and the coupon rate is 9.75%. Evergrande has already missed the payment of $83.5 Mn on one such offshore bond. The total liability is amounting to 2% of China’s GDP.

How investors are going to recover the money?

Evergrande is trying to make interest payments through its land and assets. The company will be selling high-end property or assets at discounted rates to meet the obligations. However, this is triggering anxiety among its small investors and home buyers or people who are invested with Evergrande.

Because this step would harm the minority interest by drastically reducing the prices of assets. The assets that were used to generate the income are being sold out at discounted prices. The meaning of this is that the share price will collapse harming minorities interests. The step is backed by the CCP “Chinese Communist Party” which is not looking in the mood for a bailout of Evergrande.

The CCP is of the view that some companies in the capital markets are likely to fail. While others will keep on generating good returns on Equity.

From the Indian perspective, if we compare Evergrande with a company then LIC, Tata, Reliance etc are comparable. Imagine if any of these companies fail in India the Indian economy would stumble creating shock waves.

Infrastructure Giant
Infrastructure Giant

IL&FS Vs Evergrande

The IL&FS fiasco has no parallel in India. The collapse of IL&FS required government intervention and efforts to ease out the panic in the BFSI – “Banking and Financial Sector of India”, NBFCs – Non-Banking Financial Services or so-called “Shadow Banks”. There could have been a contagion effect had the government of India not intervened.

It took almost a year for Indian banking stocks to absorb the shocks created by IL&FS.

Evergrande is at an altogether different scale. While the IL&FS was close to 10 Billion USD. Evergrande is 300 Billion USD. The fall of IL&FS would have daunted the Indian image in the markets. But the Indian government acted quickly in order to settle this issue. Whereas the fall of Evergrande can ruin economies and create ripples in the global markets. It can even rattle the trust that FIIs bestow in the Chinese economy.

Can the Chinese Government save Evergrande?

The Chinese government can definitely save the company if it wishes. Firstly the problem is it would set a bad example to other firms and can cause systemic disruption where companies might take up huge debt thinking that they have backing from their government. Secondly, putting good money over bad is not a good option always, especially when the sums are greater than 1% of GDP.

What should this news mean to the Indian Markets?

This news is both positive as well as negative for the Indian market. Following are the positives and negatives

  1. Positives – FIIs can shift investment from China to India, Further hike in share prices in the equity markets. Infrastructure boosts the Indian economy. The Equity markets will se another leg of bull run.
  2. Negatives – Investors might liquidate their assets in the infrastructure projects. Sell off in the inftrastructure bonds issued by government and private players in the bond market.

Tip for traders and investors – The markets are likely to be choppy and inflated as long as the lethargy from the pandemic does not become endemic. Carry light position in markets and use stop losses. Book 10% gain wherever it’s visible and stay happy that you didn’t get trapped in the euphoria.