To start the preparation of the UPSC Syllabus by taking History as the optional subject. First, we have divided the syllabus for making History notes for UPSC. Why do we study the mains exam syllabus before preparing for the prelims because it will help us in creating a base for understanding the current affairs places, people, events and everything else. Let us look at the first paragraph of the syllabus and try and understand its topics.
Archaeological sources: Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments. Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign account: Greek, Chinese and Arab writersThe first paragraph
To understand the Archaeological sources we will first have to understand the basic timelines of History. History is divided into three parts. They are as follow
- Pre History – No written evidence this time period is divided into three phases. This is the period from 300000 yrs ago till 6000 Yrs from today.
- Proto History – The period is from 5500 yrs to 2600 yrs from today for India which is also the timeline for Indus Valley Civilization or Harrapan Culture.
- History – Everything from 2500 yrs onwards till now is history
|1||PRE-HISTORY||3 Million Yrs before till 6000 Yrs from today|
|2||PROTO-HISTORY||5500 Yrs to 2600 from today|
|3||HISTORY||After 2500 Yrs from today|
Pre History is that history that has no written document, the history that is not recorded but rather is reconstructed. To understand the prehistoric period we depend upon archaeological sources.
|1||Paleolithic||3 Million – 12000 Yrs from now|
|2||Mesolithic||12000 Yrs – 10000 Yrs from now|
|3||Neolithic||12000 Yrs – 6500 Yrs from now|
|4||Bronze Age||5500 Yrs – 2500 Yrs – Proto history starts – Harappan Culture|
|5||Chalcolithic Culture||4000 Yrs – 2700 Yrs from now – Proto history – Harappan Culture|
The video will help you in understanding what is language and what is the script. Also, it will help every one of us in understanding how the development of epigraphy took place across the globe.
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